A look in the rear view

Hindsight is 20-20. And this can be a problem, as far as utilities are concerned, when it comes to regulators deciding whether a utility's hedging programme has worked effectively to fulfil its proper purpose. Especially when the two sides often do not agree on what that purpose is: should utility hedging simply smooth out rates for consumers or actively reduce them?

A good example of the disagreements that can arise is the recent natural gas hedge-backtesting programme undertaken by Winnipeg

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